MP Gallery - Warlingham, Surrey, England - HW Site, PitDip Sites.
Comment: A site with mixed Middle Paleolithic Acheulian Tradition, Mesolithic, and Neolithic tools as well as palaeoart. Despite insecure dating, OriginsNet presents these Surrey materials--identified, collected and conserved by Ron Williams--because they have quite stunning artistic qualities. Here again, if we may assume they are from roughly the same cultural tradition, one sees the Middle Paleolithic evolution of the Early Paleolithic symbol system elements, namely female birth giver, human head, animal, and geometric (biface, triangle form). Combinations of symbolic elements--are 'combis'--are typical of the late Acheulian and especially of the Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian of Acheulian Tradition). The emergence in the Middle Paleolithic of combination sculptures would appear to reflect the invention of a 'mother-of-animals' deity and mythology, which, implies corresponding shamanic healing practices.
Dating: Surrey sites are presented though their dating is problematic. Henley Wood (HW) and Pit Dip are surface sites in Warlingham, Surrey, England, on the North Downs. Based on artifacts from HW, Ron Williams and Jan Evert Musch argue that the site is mixed, predominantly Middle Paleolithic, with some Middle Acheulian and some Mesolithic and Neolithic retouch.
A sample of tools from the Slines Oaks and Worms Heath areas west and north of HW/Pit Dip at the East Surrey Museum is catalogued in Field, D., Ketteringham, L., Nicolaysen, P., Waters, K. and Winser, K. (1990). Surrey Archaeological Collections 80:133-145. They note that an excavation at Slines Oak produced stratified Mesolithic flints. They examined over 1500 objects, which they identify as mostly Mesolithic or Neolithic flake and blade cores, flakes, blades and core tools. They illustrate some seventy core tools, primarily Mesolithic or Neolithic axes, adzes and preforms. They do acknowledge one biface (handaxe)(#75), "a remnant of an earlier epoch" with no further elaboration. They seem to have overlooked among the core tools illustrated what appear to be a typical Middle Paleolithic (Acheulian Tradition) bout coup biface (#16) andtwo other bifaces (#33, #54).
Photo © Ron Williams, collected by Ron Williams, or as otherwise noted. The site is documented in Williams, R. (1987). Beestachtig en Beregoed (II): Steentijdtradities en rituele vuursteenskulpturen van Surrey, Engeland door Ron Williams. Archaeologische Berichten 18:13-38 (Elst, NL).Williams, R. (1987). Beestachtig en Beregoed (II): Steentijdtradities en rituele vuursteenskulpturen van Surrey, Engeland door Ron Williams
|a) HW site RonW ...||b) madonna - HW.jpg||c) madonna HW.jpg||d) mother+child ...||e) figurines - H...|
|f) triangular fe...||g) fem+hippo - H...||h) hippo 90° - H...||i) obverse.jpg||j) seated female...|
|k) birthgiver - ...||l) horseheads - ...||m) horseheads - ...||n) horseheads - ...||o) bears - HW.jpg|
|p) bear -n.jpg||q) mammoth+fawn-...||r) birds - PitDi...||s) bison+2 profi...||t) 3 heads+bird ...|
|u) profile - Pit...||v) profile 2 - P...||w) neand recon.jpg||x) vulva stones-...||y) womb - PitDip...|