Lunteren (Ede II) c. >200,000 BP / d)ede2brjem
Lunteren zoomorphic sculptures.
Nr. 9: "Bear sculpture, Lunteren (Ede II). Found A. M. Wouters 1982; identified J. E. Musch; collection J. E. Musch. In steep countercoup (buffer) technique from nodule of grey flint with still soft chalk cortex. Manganese flecks of culture layer still adhering. From the in situ concentration of Heidelbergian tradition discovered M. Franssen in the Ede II sandpit near Lunteren, province of Gelderland, Netherlands, Archaeologische Berichten 13. Cromerian." [c. >200,000 BP]
Nr. 10: "Bear sculpture, Eexterveld. Discovered J. E. Musch 1983; collection J. E. Musch. From a nodule of Scandinavian bryozoic flint. Rretouched in steep contracoup. From a glacial outwash layer that locally only contains pre-Mindelian artifacts (VOA, Abbevillian) and older. The working technique on the piece is consistent with heavy bifaces of oldest Acheulian-upper Heidelbergian character. Heavy outwash patina."
Nr. 11: "Bear sculpture, Eexterveld. Discovered J. E. Musch 1983; collection J. E. Musch. From a nodule of Scandinavian bryozoic flint. Rretouched in steep contracoup technique. The piece is consistent with artifacts of Heidelbergian tradition from the glacial outwash layer in the Northern Netherlands."
Nr. 12/13: "Bear sculptures, Neer. Found J. Beeren; collection J. E. Musch. Both pieces are from buffer (countercoup) flakes; out of dark grey southern flint. From a wet sandpit in the province of Limburg, Netherlands, where a Heidelbergian was found in profusion with many microlithic artifacts."
Illustration © Jan Evert Musch. Musch, J. E. (1987). Beestachtig en beregoed (deel 1). Archaeologische Berichten 18:108-129. Elst, NL; figs. 9-12.